Annual Decarbonisation Perspective 2023

About This Study

Every year, Carbon-Free Europe partners with Evolved Energy Research to create an Annual Decarbonisation Perspective (ADP) for the EU & UK. The ADP provides annual insights into Europe’s progress towards carbon neutrality, by using cutting-edge energy systems models to evaluate the latest changes in energy policy and technology costs. This page, and its scrolling table of contents, guides you through CFE's 2023 study.

What shaped 2023's Annual Decarbonisation Perspective?

Russia's invasion of Ukraine shed light on Europe's energy dependence on Russian
fossil fuels, resulting in an energy supply and price crisis. With increased pressure to accelerate the energy transition while also ensuring energy sovereignty, EU policymakers have now finalised most files within the Fit for 55 package and the Commission's REPowerEU plan. Meanwhile, in the UK, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak has prioritised stabilising the economy and combatting the energy crisis. These events drastically impacted 2022’s energy landscape, with these effects reflected in CFE’s 2023 analysis.

Interactive Results

Data for the EU & UK

This interactive Tableau workbook shows aggregate data from our
Annual Decarbonisation Perspective
for the EU & UK. Click through each tab and hover over the icons to see more data.

Infrastructure Maps for the EU & UK

Our infrastructure map series features interactive data for Final Energy Demand, Carbon Capture, Utilisation, and Storage, Low Carbon Fuels, Hydrogen, Electric Transmission, and Electric Capacity. Click on each infrastructure map to learn more.

Country-level Data

Annual Decarbonisation Perspective
analysis also offers a deep dive into each country’s results. Click a country on the map below or choose from the list to view country-level results.


Carbon-Free Europe’s first EU & UK modelling analysis was published in 2022. Moving forward, CFE will update this study annually. These year-on-year comparisons highlight how new developments in technologies, costs, policies, and global markets affect the outcomes of different clean energy decisions and alter decarbonisation trajectories. To view archived ADP results for a past year, click on the below options.